工程硕士GCT英语考试阅读理解习题八_工程硕士_在职研究生_教育人生网
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工程硕士GCT英语考试阅读理解习题八
  There are two types of people in the world. Although they have equal degrees of health and wealth and the other comforts of life, one becomes happy, the other becomes miserable. This arises from different ways in which they consider things, persons, and events, and the resulting effects upon their minds. 
  The people who are to be happy fix their attention on the conveniences of things, the pleasant parts of conversation, the well-prepared dishes, the goodness of the wines, and fine weather. They enjoy all the cheerful things. Those who are to be unhappy think and speak only of the contrary things. Therefore, they are continually discontented. By their remarks, they sour the pleasures of society, offend many people, and make themselves disagreeable everywhere. If this turn of mind were founded in nature, such unhappy persons would he the more to be critical. The tendency to criticize and be disgusted is perhaps taken up originally by imitation. It grows into a habit, unknown to its possessors. The habit may be string, but it may be cured when those who have it are convinced of its bad effects on their interests and tastes. I hope this little warning may be of service to them, and help change this habit. 
  Although in fact it is chiefly an act of the imagination, it has serious consequences in life, since it brings on deep sorrow and bad luck. Those people offend many others, nobody loves them, and no one treats them with more than the most common politeness and respect, and scarcely that. This frequently puts them in had-temper and draws them into arguments. If they aim at obtaining some advantage in rank or fortune, nobody wishes them success. Nor will anyone stir a step or speak a word to favor their hopes. If they bring on themselves public disapproval, no one will defend or excuse them, and many will join to criticize their misconduct. These people should change this had habit and condescend (俯就) to he pleased with what is pleasing, without worrying needlessly about them selves and others. If they do not, it will ha good for others to avoid any contact with them. Otherwise, it can be disagreeable and sometimes very inconvenient, especially when one becomes mixed up in their quarrels. 
  1. People who are to be unhappy 
  A. always consider things differently from others 
  B. usually are influenced by the results of certain things 
  C. can discover the unpleasant part of certain things 
  D. usually have a fault-finding habit 
  2. The phrase ′sour the pleasures of society " most nearly means 
  A. have a good taste to the pleasures of society′ 
  B. aren′t content with the pleasures of society′ 
  C. feel happy with the pleasures of society′ 
  D. enjoy the pleasures of society′ 
  3. Which of the following statements is not true according to the passage? 
  A. We should pity all such unhappy people. 
  B. Such unhappy people are critical about everything. 
  C. If such unhappy people recognize the bad effects of the habit on themselves they may get rid of it. 
  D. Such unhappy people are also not content with themselves. 
  4. The phrase "scarcely that" means 
  A. "just like that" B. "almost not like that" 
  C. "more than that" D. "not at all like that" 
  5. If such unhappy persons don′t change their bad behavior, the author′s solution to the problem is that 
  A. people should avoid contact with them 
  B. people should criticize their misconduct 
  C. people should help them recognize the bad effects of the habit 
  D. people should show no respect and politeness to them 

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